2010 OSCE Chairmanship
In its role as the 2010 OSCE Chairman-in-Office (CiO), the Republic of Kazakhstan intends to follow the “Ministerial Troika” of 2009-2011 and the newly developed “Quintet” format. Kazakhstan, the first non-European CiO, will pay specific attention to its Chairmanship agenda by focusing on long-standing OSCE agenda items, such as:
- Human rights
- Frozen conflicts
At the same time, Kazakhstan intends to introduce its own unique ideas:
- Security – Strengthening security in Central Asia is one of the most important priorities of Kazakhstan’s efforts within the OSCE. In addition, Kosovo’s independence may help to end frozen conflicts in Transcaucasia (Nagorno-Karabakh, Abkhazia) and other European regions (Crimea, Moldavia).
- Interreligious tolerance – Kazakhstan will enhance international laws that strengthen interreligious and ethnic tolerance in the OSCE’s zone of responsibility. Foreign Minister Tazhin’s 2008 commitments to cooperate with the OIC and OSCE also illustrate Kazakhstan’s determination in strengthening interreligious and interethnic dialogue at all levels.
- Energy security – In support of the EU energy security agenda, Kazakhstan will strengthen alternative energy. This correlates with the United States’ policies of energy security, such as the Clean-Technology Fund, that focus on alternative energy and the development of clean technologies.
- Economic dimension – The core of Kazakstan’s economic vision consists of the following goals:
- Promote systemic market reforms
- Enhance healthy financial systems and markets
- Improve governance
- Increase transparency
- Expand anti-corruption efforts.
These goals, along with additional assistance and significant investments, will be directed towards OSCE member countries, including:
Afghanistan – Kazakhstan is the only Central Asian (CA) country to adopt a Government plan to assist Afghanistan. According to the plan, Kazakhstan will construct a motorway, build a school and hospital, as well as supply agricultural stock to Afghanistan. The Plan’s budget is $3 million dollars for 2008. Afghanistan has also become one of Kazakhstan’s national security priorities; consequently, methods to enhance cooperation are being discussed in the following fields:
- The mineral sector
- International auto and air communication
- Mutual protection of investments.