Kazakhstan Human Rights
Kazakhstan Human Rights Action Plan 2009-2012
The adoption of Kazakhstan's Human Rights Action Plan, the first in its history, is an eloquent testimony to President Nursultan Nazarbayev’s commitment to the further democratization of our country.
The first article of the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan stipulates that the highest values of our state are “an individual, his life, rights and freedoms.” Therefore, all our efforts during these years of independence have been directed toward the realization of the fundamental rights of the individual and society as a whole. During this time, Kazakhstan has been continually loyal to its international obligations in the sphere of human rights and supports the efforts of the UN, OSCE and other international organizations in this direction.
The practice of integrated activities of the state for the protection of human rights has successfully proven itself in various countries and regions of the world. Kazakhstan, adopting such a plan for the first time, is a pioneer of its use in the post-Soviet era. I am confident that this plan of action will become a valuable tool to improve Kazakhstan's legislation and law-enforcement practices in the sphere of protection of human rights. Thus, the plan gives consideration to the improvement of national legislation and law-enforcement practices, the activities of national human rights institutions in accordance with international standards, the interaction of the authorities and institutions of civil society, the definition of the level of legal protection of an individual and his awareness of his rights and the key problems of law-enforcement mechanisms and measures for their resolution.
The recommendations and procedures of the National Plan address issues regarding the improvement of mechanisms for the realization of the constitutional rights of citizens. Particular attention is paid to reinforcing the independence of the judicial system, the development of non-judicial mechanisms for the protection of human rights and the protection of the civil, political, social, economic and cultural rights of citizens, including the rights of socially vulnerable groups, in harmony with international standards.
The National Human Rights Action Plan for the years of 2009-2012 not only launches the development of goals and objectives of the new Concept of Kazakhstan’s legislative development, but also will serve as criteria for the success of further steps toward the improvement of the mechanisms for the protection of human rights.
We are grateful to the UN Development Program, the Embassies of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and Great Britain in Kazakhstan, the members of the work group and international and non-governmental human rights organizations for their support in the development and publication of this very important document.
United Nations Human Rights Council
On November 12, 2012, the 67th session of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) elected Kazakhstan for the first time to the UN Human Rights Council , for the 2013–2015 term, with 183 of 193 member states voting affirmatively. Various international human rights groups openly lobbied against the election of several countries, including Kazakhstan, but their campaigns proved ineffective. Kazakhstan received the fifth highest vote total of the 20 candidates competing for the 18 available seats for this round. Kazakhstan's election to the United Nations Human Rights Council is not an end for Kazakhstan, which pledges to continue its work on the global stage.