Position on Current International Issues
Kazakhstan believes that new threats to global and regional peace and stability will require a collective will and a global effort. Such threats include:
- International terrorism
- Drug trafficking
- Interethnic and interconfessional conflicts
- Humanitarian crises
- Poverty and epidemics
- Illegal migration
- Man-made environmental disasters
Many believe that the root causes lie in economic and political underdevelopment and degradation; therefore, comprehensive and genuine agreement on collective mechanisms and instruments is essential in successfully addressing them.
The UN and its Security Council are most likely the ones best suited to accomplish this two-fold task. Kazakhstan supports the UN and entrusts it to initiate effective reforms against these new threats. It is only through the aid of the UN that cultural diversity and global civilization can be preserved.
Kazakhstan favors a comprehensive and continued international effort, led by the UN, to bring lasting peace and economic and humanitarian rehabilitation to Afghanistan. Afghanistan’s illegal drug production and massive spread is a major international concern, particularly for Kazakhstan and others who are in close vicinity. Therefore, Kazakhstan joined the International Antiterrorist Coalition and also participated in the 2006 London Afghanistan Compact Conference, pledging various types of assistance to the Afghan Government. Later in that same year, at the international conference in Afghanistan, Kazakhstan’s Foreign Minister offered a concept of a “broader Central Asia” which envisages Afghanistan’s active economic cooperation with Central Asian countries. The institution of this concept could greatly contribute to the rehabilitation as well as the regional and global integration of Afghanistan.
Although the 2005 election was an important milestone in Iraq’s rehabilitation, Kazakhstan believes that the UN should continue to play an active and effective role by cooperating with Iraqi Authorities and the international community. Joint efforts should ensure the following ends for Iraq:
- Territorial integrity
In cooperating with the efforts of the international community, Kazakhstan has sent a unit of 30 military engineers to join the International Stabilization forces in Iraq.
Kazakhstan supports the United States’ “Road Map” for the Middle East as a guide for establishing the peaceful coexistence of Israel and Palestine. To make this ambition successful, the four Sponsors of the Middle East Process need to come to a consensus on how to fairly determine the legitimate interests and rights of both parties. Additionally, Israel and Palestine should demonstrate serious and significant signs of commitment before any additional steps are taken.
Iran’s Nuclear Program
As a state that voluntarily denounced nuclear weapons, Kazakhstan is strongly committed to the principles of non-proliferation and inadmissibility of nuclear energy for military purposes. Therefore, Iran’s nuclear program remains a major concern as it affects both regional and global security.
Kazakhstan supports the Treaty of the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons that allows nations to carry out research activities in the nuclear field and grants them the sovereign right to use atomic energy for peaceful purposes. They must, however, comply with the transparency and non-proliferation safeguards under the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and cooperate closely with the UN. To resolve the international issue of the Iranian Nuclear Program, Kazakhstan believes that diplomatic methods must be employed by all invested countries.